Accession of new countries

Trimis la data: 2014-11-15 Materia: Drept Nivel: Facultate Pagini: 6 Nota: / 10 Downloads: 0
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• The common declaration of the members of the European Council - the member states of the European Communities decided to go further within their economic cooperation and to create together, more than a community, a union, in fact, an economic and monetary union
• This is why, an intergovernmental conference was organized with the view to propose a project for a new community treaty that had to modify the existing establishing treaties and to establish exactly the steps that had to be taken in order to build among the member states an economic and monetary union
Referate similare: Nu exista cursuri similare

• 1989, a council decision, a new judicial instance was attached to the
court of justice and its name was the Tribunal of First Instance
• Due to what happened from political point of view, after 1990, the central and European countries changed their political regime (the communist socialist countries decided to exit that system) and all of them had still obligations to join the European communities -> many things happened in the development of the community

• First of all, it appears that the existing rules regarding the functioning of the communities cannot be used in these countries ->something must be changed in the treaties
• This is why, an intergovernmental conference was organized and had as objective to propose modifications that may allow the functioning of the communities with an increased number of member states
• Then, a project regarding a political union of member states was proposed

• The result of this conference is represented by the treaties that have been signed in 1992, Maastricht
• TEU says that the union is a new form of cooperation among the member states which is granted on the existing forms of cooperation that are also expanded to new fields of cooperation
• Forms of cooperation until that moment: coal and steel, EURATOM, EEC; the communities -> economic domain

• TEU is based on 3 pillars: 1. Economic pillar (represented by the cooperation of member states within the ECSC, EEC and EURATOM); 2. Foreign policy and common security - PESC; 3. Cooperation in justice and home affairs - JHA (JAI), this name was changed in time
• The union did not obtain a legal capacity -> from a juridical point of view, the union did not exist
• TECty; its content represented an update of EEC treaty; its provisions were modified due to the fact that its field of activity was the largest possible -> mass of provisions
• Treaties of Maastricht brought a new element - the idea of the union and modification regarding the functioning

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