Practical aspects of language testing
The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the fundamental concepts of measurement that contribute to the proper development and use of language tests. The three terms present in the title, 'measurement', 'test', 'evaluation', are often used synonymously because in practice they may refer to the same activity; for example, a test score can be seen as an evaluation of an individual's language proficiency. Yet, they have distinctive characteristics that need to be analysed.
The social sciences define measurement as the process of quantifying the characteristics of persons according to explicit procedures and rules. The first feature mentioned above, quantification, implies the assigning of numbers, which distinguishes measures from qualitative descriptions such as verbal accounts or visual representations. Letter grades ('A, B, C...') or labels ('excellent, good, average...') may have the characteristics of measurement, yet, when we actually use them, we assign numbers to them in order to interpret them; it is only at this point that they become measurement.
Lucrare de licenta despre Practical aspects of language testingLucrare de licenta despre Practical aspects of language testing
Chapter I Measurement, Tests, Evaluation............5
Chapter II Uses and Classification of Tests........11
Chapter III Testing Language Subskills.............19
Chapter IV Testing Communication Skills............46
Iti recomandam ca referatele pe care le downloadezi de pe site sa le utilizezi doar ca sursa de inspiratie sau ca resurse educationale pentru conceperea unui referat nou, propriu si original.
Referat.ro te invata cum sa faci o lucrare de nota 10!