Spanish Constitutional Reform - the regime of the Autonomous Communities

Trimisa la data: 2008-09-10 Materia: Drept Pagini: 105 Comentarii: 4 (citeste) Autor: mirela
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Lucrare de licenta despre Spanish Constitutional Reform - the regime of the Autonomous Communities
The thematic area of this paper corresponds to that of compared politics field, as consequence the subject identified for study concerns the state organization; the case taken into consideration studies the Spanish autonomic state unity, meaning the particular form to divide power and decision-making both at central and local level, neither being a federal nor a unitary one, but with a autonomic type of organization, that of 17 autonomous communities.

Beyond the descriptive character of this paper with reference to the Spanish state organization it is analyzed in depth the process of power devolution, reached on the way towards a democratic conciliation, by constitutional attempts to extend the threshold of competences attributed to the community, as a measure to proximate the citizen to the administration of the community it makes part of and in the same time a way to limit state control. In fact this consists the outstanding issue of the paper in case, we speak about the Catalan proposal to reform their autonomic statute.

The significance of devolution in the constitutional meaning results from the transfer of prerogatives to regions without diminishing the full sovereignty of the state, the authority is disseminated in a number of regional authorities. Through devolution of power process it is gained more autonomy at regional level by the creation of separate regional assemblies.

The power is not devolved to the citizens but to the assembly that devolves the will of the people of each region. A number of prerogatives are retained by the central government but recognizes to the regions a number of administrative and legislative tasks to the regions. The devolutionary process is a controlled process within a conflict between a region and the central law, the national level prevails.
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Lucrare de licenta despre Spanish Constitutional Reform - the regime of the Autonomous Communities

Lucrare de licenta despre Spanish Constitutional Reform - the regime of the Autonomous Communities

INTRODUCTION.......................3
The evidence of power devolution.......................3
Comparing the Spanish context with other European cases of administrative division.........4
The right to self-determination in international law.............7
Spanish particularities or how the right to self-determination is employed by an autonomous community to enhance its competences.........7
Constitutional reasoning...........................8
The paper hypothesis...............................9
Methods of study...................................11
Introducing the metamorphosis of the territorial pattern of the Spanish autonomic state.....11
The constitutional reform..........................13

CHAPTER I
1.1 Comparing Spanish and British systems enabling constitutional reform and paths for reducing the interethnic tensions................14

CHAPTER II
The Spanish autonomic state- diversity.................17
2.1 Differential features within The Spanish autonomic state.........18
2.2 Territorial organization............................19
2.3 The Central State Administration ...................20
2.4 The Regional Government.............................20
2.5 Jurisdiction ......................................21
2.6 The Local Government of the autonomous communities is made out of Municipalities and Provinces .................22
2.7 The Municipality ....................23
2.8 The Province ........................23
2.9 The constitutional significance of the statutes................24
2.10 The science of constitutional law in solving territorial conflicts...............25
2.11 How departed the autonomic state- the difference between an unitary state and a federal one .........................25
2.12 Where would we situate the autonomic state in both types of state: more unitary or more federal? And which is the main feature of the current autonomic state?..............26
2.13 The construction of the autonomic state in phases.............26
2.14 Federal elements..................28
2.15 Competencies......................28
2.16 The financial reform..............29
2.17 Differential features.............30

CHAPTER III
The reform of the Catalan statute....................32
3.1 The autonomic state -differential features- the proposal of statutory reform of the autonomous community of Cataluna ............32
3.2 Juridical backup- the autonomic opportunity under the mark of the constitution............33
3.3 The constitutional path reached to ensure the legal bases for the current reform of the statute in incipient form...................34
3.4 The political negotiation previous to the proposal for reform....35
3.5 The proposal of reform of the Catalan statute....................39
3.6 The constitutional procedure followed for the adoption of the proposal of reform in General Courts of the Spanish state and in the Senate................41
3.7 The content of the constitutional text of the Statutory Reform of Cataluña...............46
3.8 Identity: Origins of the Catalan language........................47
3.9 National singularity and the definition of Cataluna..............48
3.10 Recuperation of competences.....................................49
3.11 The Generalitat' competence into Justice........................51
3.12 Competence on immigration.......................................52
3.13 Approval of new institutions....................................52
3.14 Infrastructural amendments......................................53
3.15 El Prat concesion ..............................................54
3.16 Identity: The concept of nation –taken to the limits because of inexistent real public policies to enforce; idiomatic and institutional rigidity...............56
3.17 State legislation versus Catalan statute legislation...........58
3.18 Electoral convenience .........................................58
3.19 The Moncloa political pact.....................................59
3.20 Political perspectives enabling republicanism. Catalan political parties and parliamentary groups - scopes and composition... .......60
3.21 The autonomic financing of Cataluna- according to the principle of solidarity and equilibrium (art. 2nd SC) means a just and adequate economic system..................61
3.22 Predictions............................65
3.23 Market unity, bilateralism ............66
3.24 Declaration of the government of Cataluna..................67
3.25 The preparatory campaign prior to the referendum-one month before (May 2006)..........67
3.26 The Referendum: convocation and results or the advance of the autonomic Spain............68
3.27 Recourses of unconstitutionality brought to the newly enforced statute (the Organic Law 6/2006 of the reformed statute of Autonomy of Cataluna).........................70
3.28 The entering into force of the new statute................73
3.29 The most ambitious statute of all the times...............74
3.30 The 1979 statute of autonomy of Cataluna/ 2006 statute of autonomy of Cataluna..........74
3.31 The definition given to Cataluna..........................74
3.32 The languages of Cataluna................................75
3.33 Rights, duties and guiding principles.....................76
3.34 In local and territorial organization.....................76
3.35 The judicial power........................................77
3.36 Competences...............................................78
3.37 The relations with the other autonomous communities, the state and the European Union.................79
3.38 Financing................................81
3.39 The possibility of reform................85

CHAPTER IV
State consolidation...................85
4.1 Consolidation of the autonomic state.....................86
4.2 Transition and national sovereignty......................86
4.3 An advance for the plural Spain..........................88
4.4 The end of pluralism.....................................89

Abbreviations and Glossary of terms.......................91
BIBLIOGRAPHY..............................................105
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Admin | 2008-11-17 18:13:00

mie mi se pare ok

oana | 2010-01-14 15:41:00
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