One of the most important banks in the world is the World Bank or International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, as known before. The side of the market on which the World Bank functions is a very large one, globalization being an alternative easy to be accomplished.
The World Bank’s purpose is to help borrowers reduce poverty and improve living standards through sustainable growth and investment in people.
The Strategic Compact, endorsed by the Board of Executive Directors on March 31, 1997 set ambitious objectives for the Bank, including strengthening the development effectiveness of lending and nonlending services; improving responsiveness to client needs, developing a broader range of products and services; reducing overhead and shifting resources to the front line; further decentralizing activities; rebuilding professional expertize and technical capacity and sharing the best global knowledge on development with clients and partners.
Recently, United Nations conferences have adopted several goals for the twenty-first century. The Bank is helping to achieve the goals and will monitor them in the countries it assists. The goals are to:
•Reduce by half the proportion of people living in extreme poverty by 2015
•Achieve universal primary education in all countries by 2015
•Achieve gender quality in primary and secondary education by 2005
•Reduce infant and child mortality by two thirds and maternal deaths by three quarters, by 2015
•Provide universal access to reproductive health services by 2015
•Reverse current global and national loss of environmental resources by 2015
Meeting goals as ambitious and important as these will require significant efforts by the global community.
The objectives are very ambitious and for their accomplishment, the globalization would be necessary, otherwise the gap between the civilizations would be a disadvantage for everybody.
But there are many obstacles for aiming these goals, some of them starting even from the internal organization of the World Bank.
As provided in the Articles of Agreement, five of the twenty-four executive directors are appointed by the five member governments having the largest number of shares; the rest are elected by the other members of governments, who form constituencies in an election process conducted every two years.
The Board of Executive Directors oversight responsibility covers virtually all Bank policy, so its role cannot be clearly separated from most of the Bank s activities and initiatives.
Iti recomandam ca referatele pe care le downloadezi de pe site sa le utilizezi doar ca sursa de inspiratie sau ca resurse educationale pentru conceperea unui referat nou, propriu si original.
Referat.ro te invata cum sa faci o lucrare de nota 10!