Creaturi magice din universul Harry Potter
Harry Potter is the name of the famous book for children, written by J.K. Rowling.
It’s about a teenager magician, whose parents were killed by an evil sorcerer, called Valdemort.
Until the age of eleven, he lived with his muggle relatives, aunt Petunia, uncle Vernon and their fat boy, Dudley, who were completely against any sort of abnormality. Now, after being recovered from their hands by Hagrid, the gamekeeper at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, Harry has to accommodate to his new life as one of the greatest magicians in history, although he is but a child.
He also has lots of magician friends like Ron Weasely and Hermione Granger, or Albus Dumbledore and Professor McGonagall, but on the other side he has some enemies too, like Draco Malfroy, Professor Snape and of course, Valdemort himself.
What makes this book really interesting is the way the story is told, the way all the action is blended with magic and well known myths and legends. This project has the purpose of naming and describing some of the magical creatures found in this amazing tale.
Basilisk: an ancient giant creature with the head of a bird and the scaly body of a snake and the power to turn creatures into stone. Harry battled this creature in “ The Chamber of Secrets”.
The Blast-Ended Skrewt is a stange hybrid creature bred by Hagrid at Hogwarts in the fall of 1994 by crossing manticores and fire-crabs. Newly-hatched skrewts looked like pale, slimy, deformed, shell-less lobsters. They had no heads but had legs sticking out at odd angles. The creatures were about six inches long and smelled strongly of rotten fish. Sparks flew out from their ends every so often which propelled them forward a few inches. Some skrewts had stings--Hagrid suspected that these were the males--and the females had suckers on their bellies to suck blood.
After two months, the skrewts were about three feet long and extremely ill-tempered. When kept together, they attacked and killed each other. They developed gray, shiny armour and began to look like a cross between giant scorpions and elongated crabs. They still expelled fire from one end, although since they had no heads it was difficult to determine which end that was. This blast of flame shot the skrewt in the opposite direction several yards.
By December, the skrewts were six feet long. They held their stings arched over their backs and were extremely dangerous and repulsive.
By June, they were ten feet long and had become incredibly dangerous, fearsome creatures. They looked like gigantic scorpions with stings curled over their backs. Their armour deflected magic spells and it used its firey blast to hurl itself at its foe. It's single undefended spot is its fleshy, armor-less underside. Hagrid placed a full-grown skrewt in the maze for the Third Task of the Triwizard Tournament. Harry defeated it with a luckily-aimed Impediment Curse in its belly.
Hagrid started in September with several hundred skrewts. By the following June, there were almost none left -- all we know of is the one that was in the maze. This isn't surprising since they have no mouths and apparently don't eat, added to the fact that they pretty much killed each other off. All in all, it would seem that Hagrid's experiment in breeding magical creatures wasn't much of a success. We might guess that the final remaining specimen, once it recovered from the curse, was released into the forbidden forest, where all wild things are released in the end.
Centaurs are very mysterious creatures. They avoid Muggles and Wizards alike. Centaurs watch and read the signs in the stars and planets and they do not take sides in the events unfolding around them, which they have forseen. They prefer simply to observe. The Centaurs have chosen to be considered beasts by the Ministry and do not take part in governing at all.
A number of Centaurs live in the Forbidden Forest, including Ronan, Bane and Firenze. Firenze has made the bold decision to ally himself with humans against the evil that he saw stalking the forest in the person of Quirrell/Voldemort. This put Firenze at odds with Bane and Ronan, who felt that it was the duty of a Centaur to remain a neutral observer. Firenze, in spite of the feelings of the other Centaurs, rescued Harry from Quirrell/Voldemort in the forest on May 26, 1992.
Chimaera: Greek: lion's head, goat's body, dragon's tail. Vicious and bloodthirsty. Chimaera eggs are classified as Class A Non-Tradable Goods. Dai Lleweleyn, the famous Quidditch player, was killed by a Chimaera while on holiday in Greece.
The Clabbert is an arboreal creature resembles a cross between a monkey and a frog. Its smooth skin is mottled green. The Clabbert has short horns and a wide grinning mouth. Its long arms and webbed hands and feet allow it to move gracefully through the trees. On the Clabbert's forehead is a large spot which flashes red when the Clabbert senses the approach of danger, included Muggles.
Chameleon ghouls - known to pretend to be suits of armour.
The Diricawl is a plump, flightless bird escapes danger by vanishing in a burst of feathers. Muggles knew this bird as the "dodo" and believe that it is extinct, being unaware of its ability to vanish at will.
Dementors -- Remus Lupin gives this excellent description of a dementor:
"Dementors are among the foulest creatures that walk this earth. They infest the darkest, filthiest places, they glory in decay and despair, they drain peace, hope, and happiness out of the air around them. Even Muggles feel their presence, though they can't see them. Get too near a dementor and every good feeling, every happy memory will be sucked out of you. If it can, the dementor will feed on you long enough to reduce you to something like itself...soul-less and evil. You will be left with nothing but the worst experiences of your life."
They feed on positive human emotions; a large crowd is like a feast to them. They drain a wizard of his powers if left with them too long. They are the guards at Azkaban and make that place horrible indeed. There are certain defenses one can use against dementors, specifically the Patronus Charm. A dementor's breath sounds rattling and like it's trying to suck more than air out of the room. It's hands are "glistening, grayish, slimy-looking, and scabbed." It exudes cold
The dementor's last and worst weapon is called the Dementor's Kiss. They pull off their hood and clamp their jaws on the mouth of the victim and suck out his soul, leaving him an empty shell, alive but completely, irretrievably "gone."
Dragons are the one of the most amazing magical creatures in the world. Dragons are terrifying and awe-inspiring as they take wing and breathe fire. Muggles remember them only as beasts from mythology, which is a credit to the ongoing efforts of the Ministries of Magic in many countries who work tirelessly to keep these huge beasts hidden. Wizards who work with them are called Dragon Keepers (Charlie Weasley is a Dragon Keeper in Romania).
Breeds of Dragons
There are ten breeds of dragons in the world:
native to: New Zealand (and Australia)
appearance: iridescent, pearly scales
eyes: glittering, multicolored, with no pupils
flame: vivid red
eggs: pale grey
Chinese Fireball (Liondragon)
native to: China
appearance: scarlet with a fringe of golden spikes around its face
food: pigs, humans
eggs: vivid crimson speckled with gold
Common Welsh Green
native to: Wales
habitat: nests in higher mountains
flame: narrow jest
eggs: earthy brown speckled with green
native to: Hebrides
length: up to 30 feet
appearance: dark, rough scales, ridges along back, tail is spiked
eyes: bright purple
native to: Hungary
appearance: black scales, bronze horns, spiked tail
eyes: yellow, vertical pupils
roar: yowling, screeching scream (GF19)
flame: up to fifty feet
food: goats, sheep, humans
eggs: cement-colored with very hard shells
native to: Norway
appearance: black scales, bronze horns, black ridges on its back
fangs: venomous (SS)
food: any large mammals, including water animals
native to: Peru
appearance: smooth, copper-colored, short horns
size: small (15 feet)
food: goats, cows, especially humans
native to: Romania
color: dark green scales, long glittering golden horn
native to: Sweden
habitat: wild, uninhabited mountain areas
flame: brilliant blue
native to: Ukraine
appearance: metallic grey, long talons
size: largest ...
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