These books were a real success,but George Orwell was never satisfied with any of his books.He used to say about each book he wrote that it is nothing else but a failure. His true name was Eric Arthur Blair.He was born in India on the 25th of June,1903,were his father was an inspector for the Civile Indian Service.His mather,Mabel,often called Ida,was of English and French origin.An year after his birth,George Orwell was brought back to England by his mother among with his sister.They left their father,because he had a 7 years mission to comply in India,and in all this time they only got to see him once.
Ida Blair wanted her son to receive a very good education and that is the reason why he was sent at a training school-“St.Cyprian’s”,when he was eight,a school situated on the south coast of England. The years he spent here were not so happy.Although everybody admitted that he was a great and intelligent student with a high potential,which made the headmistress of the school minimize his taxes,he was crushing inside himself.In that school,he knew for the first time the differences between social clases.
A long time after finishing school,he wrote a book about this sad experience called “What a great joy”,first published in the Horizon magazine. In 1916,Orwell gained a scholarship at Wellingtin College,in Berkshire,south est of England.He only spent 9 weeks here.Afterwards,he transferred to Elton College,in the summer of 1917.Elton was a perfect school for him and he soon began making friends.Here he got familiarized with the popular socialists ideas,which constructed the basics of his way of thinking.
Because his grades were not good enough to earn a scholarship for the university(we was the 117th student out of 140),his father decided that it would be better for him to quit school and start doing something for the empire just as he did.And so he received a place in the Imperial Indian police,in Burma. Soon,he declaired that his work there is dirty.That is why he only worked there for 5 yaers.When he left he said :”I felt like I had to get away not only from the imperialism,but from any sort of domination of a person towards another one.”
His life as a writer began in London.He wanted to get close to the ordinary people and so he was wearing very dirty clothes and he was taking long walks among the east end of England.He wanted to reveal their way of life,and most of all he wanted to see if they were really “fallen”.His observations were linked in the book called “Very pour and banned from Paris and London”.He wrote:”The failure seemed to be the only virtue.” Finishing this book,he decided to move to Paris.He spent 8 years of his life in a pour room in the latin neighbourhood when finally in 1928,the newspapers were filled with articles of himself as a profesionist writer.
Because of his lack of money,he was hired as a teacher at a small school in Hayes.He wanted to publish his books under a different name and so he picked the name of George Orwell.About Eric Blair was told that he had died during the first conflicts of the imperialism. His next book called “Burmese Days” was ment to picture the exact effects of this conflict. In 1934,he stoped his activity as a teacher and hired as a librarian in Hampstead. Later he realized that “socialism is the only true enemy that the fascism has to deal with.”
At the end on 1936,he had already published 2 more books:”The daughter of a clerk” and “Let Aspidistra fly”.His manager wanted for him to write about the general conditions of life and so he wrote “The road to Wigan Pier.About the industry of England and her political future”.That very same year he married Eileen O’Shaugnessy,an old friend of his.She gave up her studies at the Oxford University to marry him.
In 1936,when the civile war began in Spain,he decided to leave to fight on the Aragon battle field.After he became an officer,he was badly injured and so he was sent back to englan where he wrote “Homage to Catalonia”-a book which described a failed revolution and an attempt to explain a war which became senseless.
When another war storke,he again wanted to go and fight but he was hired for BBC and later he became an editor for the Tribune magazine.In this perioud he began writing “The Animal Farm”.In that year,his sweet mother died and he decided to become a father but it was believed that he was barren so,they adopted a child named Richard.After an year,Eileen died in a terrible accident.
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