Martin Luther bibliography
Even though the first attempt to march from Selma to Montgomery turned into a "Bloody Sunday", King led yet a second one, which was successful. King's assassination is a topic of much controversy even today, leaving many questions unanswered. Although Martin Luther King Jr. faced many obstacles along the way, he succeeded in becoming one of the most influential and accomplished leaders of the civil rights movement.
Martin Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia. King went to local segregated public schools, where he did very well. He went to college when he was fifteen and attended Crozer Theological seminary, and went to Boston University. King married and had four children. He became the Pastor of a Baptist church in Montgomery. He was very charismatic and won awards for his public-speaking skills. King became the minister of a Baptist church when he was eighteen. Since he was a minister, King was able to gain a close connection with the black people and the black church, which remains, even today, the strongest and most independent black institution.
He learnt many things which related Christian theology to the struggle of oppressed peoples. King spoke using biblical expressions having to do with freedom, using the Old Testament and the New Testament as guides. King studied the work of Mohandas Gandhi and that of other nonviolent people opposed to segregation. Many people were opposed to King's ideas that fighting should only be done in a nonviolent way. People who felt this way, believed in the slogan "Black Power", which meant that blacks should be able to obtain the rights that would have been theirs in the first place by any means necessary - even if they had to resort to violence.
In Montgomery and in many other cities, blacks faced blatant discrimination. There were no black bus drivers and many of the white bus drivers treated the black passengers rudely. They would often refer to black passengers as "niggers", "black cows", and "black apes". Often, black people were forced to pay their fare at the front of the bus and then get off and reboard the bus from the back doors. Black people were forced to sit at the back of public buses and give up their seats to white people. When Rosa Parks, a black woman, refused to give up her seat, she was sent to jail, leading the black community to take action and start a boycott.
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