Ploiesti

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Situated in the south – eastern Romania, having a population of over 250,000 inhabitants, Ploieşti is one of Romania’s most important cities, on the second place after Bucharest as for the industrial production. At a 60 km distance from Bucharest, crossed by the 26° meridian and the 44° 55’ parallel, Ploieşti is the petroleum industrial citadel.
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Ploieşti is also known for the production and exportation of the petrochemical, chemical and petroleum equipment, heavy – duty bearings, cables, detergents, cloths, furniture, as well for the civil and industrial engineering made abroad.

The economic potential of the city is remarkable, due to the tradition and professionalism of the designing companies (PETROSTAR, RAYTHEON ENGINEERS & CONSTRUCTORS, IPIP, COMPROIECT 92, MAAD INTERNATIONAL, in the domain of the chemical and petrochemical equipment, IPCUP S.A. in the domain of drilling and exploitation equipment, ICERP in the domain of petrochemical products, CONSPROIECT in the civil and industrial engineering) due to the activity of some important companies, beginning with the four refineries (PETROTEL – LUK OIL S.A, ASTRA ROMÂNĂ, VEGA and S.N.P. PETROM PETROBRAZI), and continuing by the distribution firms for petroleum products (S.N.P. PETROM PECO PRAHOVA, SHELL, MOL ROMANIA), by those in the chemical and petroleum equipment branch (UPETROM 1 MAI, UZUC, UZTEL, 24 ianuarie, FLINTAB ROMANIA), by the heavy – duty bearings plant that has just been bought by the American company TIMKEN (TIMKEN ROMANIA), by the steel cables plant CABLUL ROMÂNESC, by the pipeline oil transport CONPET, by the polyethylene products plant POLITEH, by the detergents plant DERO LEVER, by the cloths factory DOROBANŢUL, by the ready – made clothes factory MODEXIM, by the furniture plant ANTECO, by the food and drink plants SOCIETATEA DE ÎMBUTELIAT COCA – COLA, PROLA, EFES PILSNER, EXTRAPAN, DI APOLLO INDUSTRIA CĂRNII, the tobacco industry – BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO, in the printing industry - MAYR MELNHOF PACKAGING ROMANIA, in constructions (CIPROM, INSPET, UMO, CONTRASIMEX, ASCM., CONSTIL).

The private initiative led to the creation of some important firms in the construction sector (ROOL CONSTRUCT, NOVA – CONS), in the computer manufacturing (SPRINT COMPUTERS, PLATIN SYSTEMS) The municipality As any settlement, Ploieşti has always had a leader of its own. First, there were a magistrate and town councillors, afterwards a chairman and an executive committee and finally a mayor and a town council. All of them did their best to solve the town’s problems concerning the aspect, the constructions and the public utilities, the salubrity and to contribute to the local economical development, social protection, culture, education and local patrimony.

At first, the municipality did not have premises of its own, renting various buildings. Later on they afforded to get two buildings constructed. The first one (“THE OLD TOWN HALL”), which used to be situated on the present – day “Prahova” Hotel, housed the Town Hall between 1868 – 1894. It was demolished after 1940. Between 1894 – 1972 the Town Hall was to be found in the “New Town Hall“. The edifice, designed to become a museum of the city after 1972, had to be demolished after the 1977 earthquake. Since 1972, the Town Hall has carried out its activity in the building of the Administrative Palace. Besides this building, the public services carry out their activity in other premises as a result of the development and diversification of the activity: inside the Central Market – which has been administrated by the municipality since 1997 – the Patrimony Board and the Fiscal Board carry out activity; the former house of the mayor Radu Stanian which has became the Weddings House, houses the Registry Office.

A New Borough at the Feet of The Mountains Another legend speaks about Michael the Brave (1593 – 1601) who, willing to settle a new borough, asked the chief magistrate of the village of Ploieşti to sell him that land. The chief magistrate refused the money offered by the Prince for that land because he said that villagers who lived there were freeholders and if they had sold their land they would have became serfs. The legend is only partly true. In fact, the Prince bought the land from two country squires and gave it to the inhabitants of Ploieşti to keep into possession. Michael the Brave also got that land colonized by brave soldiers.

He set up there a weekly fair, which used to attract people and goods from far away. Thus, the small borough developed in a short time, being ruled by a magistrate and 12 town councillors, elected by the townsmen. Ploieşti was also a headquarters for Michael the Brave’s army, as he prepared his glorious military campaign to Transylvania, first step to a unification of the Romanian provinces. His military campaign started at Ploieşti on October 4, 1599 and ended in triumph at Alba – Iulia on November 1. For all those reasons we can say that Michael the Brave was not only the founder of the city, but also a huge personality who decided upon the city’s future. In their turn, the inhabitants of Ploieşti have remained eternally grateful to him.

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