The importance of Benjamin Franklin

Trimis la data: 2015-10-20 Materia: Diverse Nivel: Liceu Pagini: 4 Nota: / 10 Downloads: 0
Autor: Andrei_C Dimensiune: 17kb Voturi: Tipul fisierelor: doc Acorda si tu o nota acestui referat: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
vezi mai multe detalii vezi mai putine detalii
Raporteaza o eroare
By 1757, Benjamin Franklin had made a small fortune, primarily through his work as a printer. He had established 'Poor Richard's Almanac', written under the pseudonym of Richard Saunders, as an oracle on how to get on in the world, and had become known in European scientific circles for his experiments and theories on electricity. He was also at the beginning of his long and industrious career as a politician, which would lead him to become the chief spokesman for the British colonies in their debates with the King and he also had a hand in the writing of the 'Declaration of Independence, and the negotiations with France during the American Revolution.

However, not only was this a period of public service, but he also invented a stove, the lightning rod and bifocal glasses. He also helped to establish many institutions such as a library, an academy and a hospital.He was born in Boston, Massachusetts on January 17th 1706, the 10th son of 17 children, to his father Josiah Franklin, who was a soap and candle maker. He learned to read at an early age and had one year in grammar school and another year under a private tutor, but his formal education ended at the age of 10. In 1718, at the age of 12 he was apprenticed to his brother, James, to learn about the printing trade.

He achieved the mastery of this trade between the years 1718 and 1723, during which period he also taught himself to write effectively.
His first love of writing was expressed through poetry, but his father disapproved and so his interest wavered. In 1721, James founded a newspaper called the 'New England Courant', to which readers were invited to contribute. In 1722, Benjamin wrote a series of essays, which he submitted to the paper, under the pseudonym of 'Silence Dogood', and were printed.

Later in the same year, James found himself in trouble with the provincial authorities and was imprisoned on two occasions. Benjamin continued to publish and print the paper during his brother's absences. However, following an argument when the true identity of 'Silence Dogood' was discovered, Benjamin walked out and left Boston in the September of 1723. On October 8th he arrived, with a friend, in Philadelphia.In Philadelphia, Benjamin found employment, as a journeyman printer, with Samuel Keimer, one of only two printers in the city.

By 1724, after the Governor of Pennsylvania, Sir William Keith, had been shown a letter from Benjamin to his family by his brother-in-law, Robert Holmes, he was being urged by the governor to set up his own print shop. However, he lacked the necessary money and his father refused to help, so Keith "promised to provide Franklin with the funds himself and insisted that he travel to London to establish business connections and purchase a press, types, and other equipment." (www.thinkquest.org)

  • pag. 1
  • pag. 2
  • pag. 3
  • pag. 4

Nota explicativa
Referatele si lucrarile oferite de Referate.ro au scop educativ si orientativ pentru cercetare academica.

Iti recomandam ca referatele pe care le downloadezi de pe site sa le utilizezi doar ca sursa de inspiratie sau ca resurse educationale pentru conceperea unui referat nou, propriu si original.

Referat.ro te invata cum sa faci o lucrare de nota 10!
Filmele zilei
Linkuri utile
Programeaza-te online la salonul favorit Descarca gratuit aplicatiile pentru iOS si Android Filmulete haioase Filme, poante si cele mai tari faze Jocuri Cele mai tari jocuri de pe net Referate scoala Resurse, lucrari, referate materiale pentru lucrari de nota 10 Bacalaureat 2019 Vezi subiectele examenului de Bacalaureat din 2019 Evaluare Nationala 2019 Ultimele informatii despre evaluare nationala
Toate imaginile, textele sau alte materiale prezentate pe site sunt proprietatea referat.ro fiind interzisa reproducerea integrala sau partiala a continutului acestui site pe alte siteuri sau in orice alta forma fara acordul scris al referat.ro. Va rugam sa consultati Termenii si conditiile de utilizare a site-ului. Informati-va despre Politica de confidentialitate. Daca aveti intrebari sau sugestii care pot ajuta la dezvoltarea site-ului va rugam sa ne scrieti la adresa webmaster@referat.ro.
Confidentialitatea ta este importanta pentru noi

Referat.ro utilizeaza fisiere de tip cookie pentru a personaliza si imbunatati experienta ta pe Website-ul nostru. Te informam ca ne-am actualizat politica de confidentialitate pentru a integra cele mai recente modificari privind protectia persoanelor fizice in ceea ce priveste prelucrarea datelor cu caracter personal. Inainte de a continua navigarea pe Website-ul nostru te rugam sa aloci timpul necesar pentru a citi si intelege continutul Politicii de Cookie. Prin continuarea navigarii pe Website-ul nostru confirmi acceptarea utilizarii fisierelor de tip cookie conform Politicii de Cookie. Nu uita totusi ca poti modifica in orice moment setarile acestor fisiere cookie urmarind instructiunile din Politica de Cookie.


Politica de Cookie
Am inteles