The first town charters were granted in the 12th century, although city status was not conferred until 1951.Cambridge is most widely known as the home of the University of Cambridge, founded in 1209 and consistently ranked one of the top five universities in the world. The university includes the renowned Cavendish Laboratory, King's College Chapel, and the Cambridge University Library. The Cambridge skyline is dominated by the last two buildings, along with the chimney of Addenbrooke's Hospital in the far south of the city and St John's College Chapel tower.
Today, Cambridge is at the heart of the high-technology centre known as Silicon Fen - a play on Silicon Valley and the fens surrounding the city. Its economic strengths lie in industries such as software and bioscience, many start-up companies having been spun out of the university. Over 40% of the workforce have a higher education qualification, more than twice the national average.
The green space of Parker's Piece hosted the first ever game of association football, and the Strawberry Fair music and arts festival is held on Midsummer Common.
Cambridge is adjacent to the M11 and A14 roads, and is around 49 minutes from London Kings Cross by non-stop train, with other rail links to Norwich, Birmingham and elsewhere.The University of Cambridge is a collegiate university located in Cambridge, England. It is one of the leading universities in the United Kingdom, having topped several rankings consistently since 1997. It is also one of the most selective universities in the country, an honour it shares with the University of Oxford.
The University was established in 1209, making it the second oldest university in the English-speaking world. Interestingly, its establishment was spurred by a crime - a murder committed by two students at the nearby University of Oxford. The students were hanged, and in protest, scholars from the university fled to smaller schools, including one at Cambridge. Here they started holding lectures and classes, and eventually transformed the school from a temporary camp into an official institution. In 1233 Pope Gregory IX signed a decree confirming its status as a University.
The University has since gained a steady reputation for excellence in teaching and research. It is also a member of several prestigious organizations, including the Coimbra Group, a network of leading European universities, and the Russell Group, composed of the top research universities in the UK.The Cambridge University Library is one of the best research libraries in the world. It is a legal deposit library, which gives it legal claim to a copy of all material published in the UK and Ireland, and now has over seven million volumes.
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