Christmas referat engleza
We finished that only in the Christmas evening, when everybody returned at home for wait Santa. Happiness could be read on our faces and inside eyes when we shared our little “fortune” that we had collected during the day.
Origins of Christmas
Historians are unsure exactly when Christians first began celebrating the Nativity of Christ.However , most scholars believe that Christmas originated in the 4th century as a Christian substitute for pagan celebrations of the winter solstice.Before the introduction of Christmas , each year beginning on December 17 Romans honored Saturn , the ancient god of agriculture , in a festival called Saturnalia. This festival lasted for 7 days and included the winter solstice , which usually occurred around December 25 on the ancient Julian calendar.During Saturnalia the Romans feasted , postponed all business and warfare , exchanged gifts , and temporarily freed their slaves.Many Romans also celebrated the lengthening of daylight following the winter solstice by participating in rituals to glorify Mithra , the ancient Persian god of light.These and other winter festivities ...
It contained a bean or a coin which was to determine who should be the king of the feast . Some think that the custom was with special reference to the Magi , the three wise men who came from the east to bear offerings to the infant Christ.
The traditional date for the appearance of Santa Claus, obviously from the birthdate of Jesus (the word Christmas is from old English, meaning Christ's mass). This date is near the shortest day of the year, from old times an important agricultural and solar feasting period in Europe. The actual birthday of Jesus is not known and thus the early Church Fathers in the 4th century fixed the day as was most convenient.
In the 7th century a monk from Crediton, Devonshire, went to Germany to teach the Word of God. He did many good works there, and spent much time in Thuringia, an area which was to become the cradle of the Christmas Decoration Industry.
The traditional Christmas is not a single day but a prolonged period, normally from 24th December to 6th January. This included the New Year, thus increasing the festival value of Christmas.
2. Christmas in Great Britain.
British children don't open their presents on December 24th like it is in Poland. Father Christmas brings their presents in the night. Then they open them on the morning of the 25th. Children find their presents in sack, pillow case or socks hang up above the bed or fireplace.
Traditionally people decorate their trees on Christmas Eve 24thDecember. They take down them twelve days later, on Twelfth Night (5th January)
The word "wassail" is derived from the Anglo-Saxon phrase waes hael, which means "good health." Originally, wassail was a beverage made of mulled ale, curdled cream, roasted apples, nuts, eggs, and spices. It was served for the purpose of enhancing the general merriment of the season. Like many of the ancient customs, "wassailing" has a legend to explain its origin. It seems that a beautiful Saxon maiden named Rowena presented Prince Vortigen with a bowl of wine while toasting him with the words "Waes hael."
The week before Easter is known in Germany as Karwoche—“Still Week” or “Silent Week”—and Holy Thursday is called Green Thursday. This comes from the tradition of giving a green branch to penitents after they have finished their penance. Easter Sunday and Monday are both observed, with worship services on Sunday and family gatherings on Monday.
Walpurgisnacht (“Walpurgis Night”) is celebrated on 30 April. On this date in the 8th century, the remains of Saint Walburga were moved to Eichstätt. After that time, according to legend, oil was found on the rocks at Eichstätt that had the power to cure, so a shrine to Saint Walburga was established. She is revered as the saint who protects against magic. People once believed that on Walpurgisnacht, witches rode across the sky over the Harz Mountains of Germany. In an effort to ward off the witches, people banged pots and pans and lit torches. This day is still celebrated with bonfires and other activities.
Labor Day (1 ...
Chapter 2 They each had their own room and all. They were both around seventy years old, or even more than that. They got a bang out of things, though--in a half-assed way, of course. I know that sounds mean to say, but I don't mean it mean. I just mean that I used to think about old Spencer quite a lot, and if you thought about him too much, you wondered what the heck he was still living for. I mean he was all stooped over, and he had very terrible posture, and in class, whenever he dropped a piece of chalk at the blackboard, some guy in the first row always had to get up and pick it up and hand it to him. That's awful, in my opinion. But if you thought about him just enough and not too much, you could figure it out that he wasn't doing too bad for himself. For instance, one Sunday when some other guys and I were over there for hot chocolate, he showed us this old beat-up Navajo blanket that he and Mrs. Spencer'd bought off some Indian in Yellowstone Park. You could tell old Spencer'd ...
One of the biggest problems that result from this game between the manufacturer and the consumer, that affects the environment is the emission of carbon dioxide, or according to Ball, "the carbon footprint." It seems that every step of making a product from collecting the resources necessary in the process of making, to transporting it, has its own imprint on the amount of carbon dioxide that product leaves behind. But many consumers are not aware of the big impact these footprints have on the environment.
So - he thought - all I need is some stationery a pen and an envelope and we're good to go. His letter to Santa went like this:
Dear Santa Clause, I'm a 10 year old boy from a small village in a far away land, named Romanai, but you probably know all about me and my younger siblings.(since you know all the children in the world). We sure know a lot about you and your elves and reindeer.
Fanatic fans occupy their time being mesmerized by baby pictures of celebrities, while every wanabe star comes out with their version of a catchy celebrity name conjunction and then we see the complete contradiction: weight loss plan infomercials are watched while eating a Whopper.
Christmas festivities - In fact , Christmas Day did not officially come into being until 354 when Pope Gregory proclaimed December 25 as the date of the Nativity . In doing so , he was following the early church’s policy of absorbing rather than repressing existing pagan rites which , since early times had celebrated the whinter soltice and the coming of spring .
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