Nevertheless,the positioning (downstream or upstream) of the rm is not aleatory
and it has some important consequences on the monopolist's power. A
comparison between exclusive contracts and commitment problem lead
us to two major problems:
(a) upstream bottleneck's prot is smaller, the larger the number of
downstream rms, and
(b) for a given number of downstream rms, the upstream prot is
smaller, the more substitutable the downstream units.
The study of this problems lead the authors to derivate three major
(a) it is important whether the more competitive of two complemen-
tary sectors lies upstream or downstream (prices are lower if the
bottleneck owner lies upstream),
(b) non-discrimination laws may have a perverse eect of restoring the
monopoly power (when an upstream bottleneck practices foreclo-
sure by discrimination among competitors, oering to all com-
petitors the same commercial conditions forces bottleneck to sell
further units ...
BAC 2002 1-2 ore
1.1)to tell 2)to stay 3)carry 4)to work 5)left 6)must
2.1)left just 2)warning 3)might 4)needn’t have run 5)to watch 6)will have gone
3.1)might as well 2)already 3)is there 4)compass 5)to talk 6)used to be
4.1)the 2)fundamentally 3)revise 4)mustn’t 5)even though 6)should
5.1)the moment 2)are 3)were 4)it’s getting 5)are 6)there is
6.1)these days 2)say; is 3)is; it is much 4)are 5)in a few minutes 6)are; them
1.My flat was broken into while I was away.
2.The more sweets you eat, the fatter you get.
3.John may be busy today, as he has to write an essay by tomorrow. GI-Hasdeu 2002
4.If only I hadn’t told them about it last night.
5.They inquired what had happened that morning.
6.If I hadn’t lost my key, I could have entered the house.
1.If you had listened to me, you wouldn’t be asking these questions.
2.There is no doubt about my being promoted in ...
Another major challenge centers on developing standards for transcribing speech data at different levels and across languages: establishing symbol sets, alignment conventions, defining levels of transcription (acoustic, phonetic, phonemic, word and other levels), conventions for prosody and tone, conventions for quality control (such as having independent labelers transcribe the same speech data for reliability statistics).
„I HAD A VERY HAPPY CHILDHOOD“
„I had a very happy childhood – also due to my parents, who made sure I lacked nothing.“
He was born on 14 January, 1978 , in one of the neighborhoods of Constanta city. Costi was never what you would call a good child. When he was young he was a sort of neighborhood's bawdy. „ My mother always received all kind of complaints from the parents of the children I used to scuffle and that is why she always strived to find various things for me to do, to keep me away from the streets.“ Except for music he also practiced a lot of sports: judo, wrestling, martial arts, (green belt in karate shotokan), field tennis, table tennis, basketball, handball, volleyball, swimming, athletics – owing the sports side of his „career“ to his father.
The wooden bed- frames would have a criss- cross mesh of rope netting to support the feather mattresses, and for the richer a four- poster canopy with hangings would help to keep out the injurions night air after bedtime.
In the poorer houses wooden platters and bowls would be used at tables with the minimum of cutlery- the normal eating implements in most homes were knives and fingers.
Medie note: 7.63 / 10
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