Londra caracterizare fizico-geografica

Covent Garden - Opera din Londra

Covent Garden - Opera din Londra is a district in central London straddling the easternmost parts of the City of Westminster and the southwest corner of the London Borough of Camden. The area is dominated by shopping and entertainment facilities and contains an entrance to the Royal Opera House Covent Garden, which is also widely known simply as "Covent Garden," and the bustling Seven Dials area.Covent Garden - Opera din Londra

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In addition, it is the foremost tourist destination in Britain, a centre of academic excellence, and one of the cultural capitals of the world—well deserving of the observation by Samuel Johnson that: “When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life”.

The term “City of London”, or “the City”, is applied only to a small area known as the Square Mile (2.59 sq km/1 sq mi) that was the original settlement (ancient Londinium) and is now part of the financial and business district of the metropolis. The City of London and 32 surrounding boroughs constitute the Greater London metropolitan area, which covers some 1,580 sq km (620 sq mi).

The 13 inner London boroughs are Camden, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Haringey, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Lambeth, Lewisham, Newham, Southwark, Tower Hamlets, Wandsworth, and the City of Westminster. The 19 outer boroughs are Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Bexley, Brent, Bromley, Croydon, Ealing, Enfield, Greenwich, Harrow, ...

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Just alongside is the church of St Martins in the Fields, which is open throughout the day and has been around for a long time. The current church dates from 1726, but there has been a church on that site since the thirteenth century. This is the parish church for Buckingham Palace and, yes, there is a royal pew. The church has some wonderful lunch time concerts, which are normally free.

On the next side of the square is the National Portrait Gallery, which is fascinating because it has the largest collection of portraits in the world although, understandably, only part of the collection is on show at any one time. Behind is Charing Cross station, not of great interest except that in the side road running alongside is The Players Theatre, old time music hall where the audience is expected to dress up in the right costume and positively join in with the show.

Running from there is the Strand, which was once the fashionable thoroughfare of London but fell on slightly seedier times. ...

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London - Introducing the city (atestat)

St James’s Park, on the south side of The Mall, is the oldest of the royal parks, having been drained for hunting purpose by Henry VII and opened to the public by Charles II, who used to stroll through the grounds with his mistresses, and even take a dip in the canal. By the eighteenth century, when some 6500 people had access to night keys for the gates, the park had become something of a byword for prostitution. The park was finally landscaped by Nash into its present elegant appearance in 1828, in a style that established the trend for Victorian city parks.
Today the pretty tree-lined lake is a favourite picnic spot for the civil servants of Whitehall and an inner-city reserve for wildfowl. James I’s two crocodiles have left no descendants, but the pelicans can still be seen by the lake, and there ducks and Canada geese aplenty. From the bridge across the lake there’s a fine view over Westminster and the jumble of domes and pinnacles along Whitehall. Even the dull façade of Buckingham ...

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London (England), city, capital of the United Kingdom. It is situated in south-eastern England at the head of the River Thames estuary. Settled by the Romans as an important shipping point for crops and minerals, it gradually developed into the wealthy capital of a thriving industrial and agricultural nation. The expansion in the 19th century of the British Empire increased London’s influence still further.

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Great Fire of London

It is estimated that it made homeless 70,000 of the City's 80,000 inhabitants. The death toll from the fire is unknown and has traditionally been thought to have been small, as only a few verified deaths are recorded. This reasoning has recently been challenged on the ground that poor and middle-class people were not recorded anywhere, and that the heat of the fire would have cremated all victims, leaving no recognisable human remains.

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This is the building that survived the Second World War against all odds. It was designed by Christopher Wren, although this is the third church on the site. The previous one burned down in the Great Fire of London in 1666. It is interesting that this is one of the very few cathedrals in Britain to have been designed by an architect, and the result is glorious.

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The Victoria and Albert Museum in South Kensington is an assembly of fine and decorative art collections from all over the world. There are magnificent examples of porcelain, glass, sculpture, fabrics and costume, furniture, and musical instruments, all set in a building of Victorian grandeur. Nearby are the Museum of Natural History and the Science Museum. On the other side of London, in the City it is the Museum of London, which has exhibits dealing with the development of the capital from its origins to the present day.

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Various other government departments and public bodies are also sited in central London. Within the Government, the Secretary of State for the Environment has responsibility for the capital as Minister for London. The administrative structure of the legal system, and the central offices of the main political parties, are also based in London.

Over 70 (out of 659) Members of Parliament are returned to Westminster from constituencies in the Greater London metropolitan area, and the capital returns 10 of England’s 71 representatives to the European Parliament. Unlike other major cities, there is no single body governing Greater London.

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Since World War II the city’s prominence on the international stage has diminished, but it remains a flourishing financial centre and home to one of the world’s most important stock exchanges., Havering, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Kingston upon Thames, Merton, Redbridge, Richmond upon Thames, Sutton, and Waltham Forest.

Transport is essential to the operation of a city such as London. Its very development was significantly affected by the advent of the railways, and more recently the construction of roads (particularly the orbital M25 motorway) has influenced patterns of settlement and economic activity. London has one of the most extensive urban railway systems in the world; in addition to the Underground railway, there is a network of suburban railways covering London and the surrounding region.

Most of the passenger-carrying Underground lines in central London were built before 1914. Suburban extensions were added before and after World War II. The most recent ...

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Londra in viziunea lui Charles Dickens

In timp ce noile zone la moda ale orasului, ca strazile Regent si Oxford, se dezvoltau in stil occidental, noul centru comercial mondial era sustinut de docurile construite in est. Poate ca cel mai mare impact asupra dezvoltarii Londrei l-a avut construirea caii ferate, care a accelerat expansiunea orasului. Pretul acestei cresteri si a dominatiei comertului mondial era insa saracia neagra si mizeria de nedescris.

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Frumusetea Londrei

Referat despre Frumusetea Londrei
Cum ar arata Londra daca n-ar fi sediul Coroanei britanice? Cum ar arata fara manifestările ei tradiţionale? Nici un oraş din lume nu isi etalează tradiţiile intr-un mod atât de pitoresc cum face Londra la Palatul Buckingham, incit privitorii spun cu convingere: ,, Nici nu poate fi vorba despre sfârşitul monarhiei britanice”, in timp ce urmăresc ritualul schimbării gărzii. Căciulile negre din piele de urs strălucesc parca deasupra tunicilor de un roşu intens, regina zâmbeşte graţios, iar fundalul este dominat de faţada neogotica a palatului.

Pe de o parte, Londra a fost modelata de faptul ca adăposteşte reşedinţa regilor Angliei de o mie de ani dar, pe de alta parte, tot acest oraş este locul de naştere al minijupei, al miscarii ,,punk”, citadela celebrei ,, fabulous fashion” si templul formaţiei ,,Beatles”. Urbea este acum de o creativitate impresionanta, dar si atenta la ritualuri, incat insasi regina are ...

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Cat despre muzee si galerii, Londra insasi este un muzeu cu mai mult de 2000 de ani de cultura si istorie. Dar contine si ununl dintre cele mai multe muzee (mai mult de 100), dintre orasele lumii. Perla coroanei culturale a Londrei este Muzeul Britanic, ale carui galerii se intend pe o distanta de 4 kilometri, cuprinzand mai mult de 4 milioane de exponate. Colectiile muzeului variaza de la antichittea egipteana si clasica, la piese de origine romana si anglo-saxona si chair China, India, Mesopotamia, Japonia.

In Muzeul Victoria & Albert, poti gasi o impotanta si variata colectie de arte aplicate. Artele decorative cuprind piese de mobile, sculptura si picture, haine si bijuterii. De partea cealalta a strazii putem gasi Muzeul de Stiinte Naturale, cuprinzand numeroase specii de dinozauri si Muzeul de Stiinte care cuprinde o sectie istorie si medicina. Muzeul Londrei, introduce pur si simplu vizitatorii in istoria Londrei, conducandu-i prin epoci asezate crronologic.

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Londra - prezentare generala

Evenimentele culturale care au loc anual demonstrează un mare interes pentru artă care il prezintă locuitorii Londrei. Cel mai cunoscut dintre festivalele de muzica clasica este Henry Wood Promenade Concerts, ce are loc in Royal Albert Hall, din luna Iulie pana in Septembrie, si reprezintă o tradiţie a Londrei de sute de ani. Festivalul Filmului din Londra, ce are loc in cinematografele din oraş, in luna Noiembrie, prezintă cele mai bune filme contemporane din toata lumea.

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Proeminent printre muzeele Londrei, British Museum, fondat in 1753, poseda o impresionanta colectie de opere de arta, antichitati si obiecte istorice naturale.Muzeul Londrei cuprinde exponate care atesta evolutia societatii din vremea romanilor pina in prezent.

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Oliver Twist

Intr-o zi olover cere permisiunea de a merge si el cu smecherul si prietenul lui la treaba. Pe strada priveste cu uimire cum smecherul scoate din buzunarul unui cetatean o batista (care pe vremea aceea aratau rangul inalt al persoanei) si speriat o ia la fuga. Pagubasul observa lipsa batistei si da alarma. Oliver este prins si dus la politie unde nu se gaseste nicio batista asupra lui asa ca este considerat nevinovat. Pagubasul domnul Brownlow il ia pe oliver sal ingrijeasca. Dupa multe zile de stat la pat oliver isi revine. Cand veni domnul Brownlow sal vada observa neobisnuita asemanare a baiatului cu o femeie dintr-un tablou. Insanatosindu-se rapid oliver dori sa arate recunostinta fata de binefacatori asa ca primeste cu entuziasm orice sarcina. In acest timp fagin si gasca lui se speriasera la auzul ca oliver este la niste binefacatori, existand riscu sa dezvaluie munca murdara a lui fagin. Il roaga pe un bun prieten Sikes si concubine lui Nancy sal caute.

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Oliver Cromwell

Cromwell, parlamentar si soldat in acelasi timp era foarte nelinistit de ura pe care o vedea crescand la Westminster impotriva armatei. El nu intelegea cum parlamentul poate refuza invingatorilor dreptul de a fi crestin in felul un care intelegea fiecare, cand ei luptasera tocmai in scopul obtinerii acestui drept. Tulburat, sfasiat sufleteste, nefericit, isi luase confidenti doi barbati mai tineri: pe Vane si pe propiul sau ginere, Ireton, revoltati amandoi, ca si dansul, de ingratitudinea parlamentarilor presbiterieni. Totusi ideea de a ridica armata impotriva parlamentului nu-i trecuse niciodata prin cap lui Cromwell, care avea o sincera repulsie fata de razboiul civil si orice dictatura militara.
Parlamentul trimise patru dintre membrii sai, printre care pe Cromwell si pe Ireton, pentru a trata cu nemultumitii. Poate ca Cromwell ar fi reusit sa restabileasca ordinea daca, in timpul negocierilor, n-ar fi aflat ca parlamentarii se faceau numai ca asculta plangerile armatei, pregatindu-se ...

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Primul razvoi civil - Anglia

III. Si, totusi, scena esuase. Ploua. Carol, pedant si maniac, asa cum erau toti din familia Stuart, il corecta mereu pe crainicul care citea proclamatia. Vantul pravalise stindardul in noroi. Oricum insa, era drapelul regelui. Vazandu-l, multi se gandeau, ca sir Edmund Verney, ca, oricat ar fi ei de partea Bibliei si a pariamentului, nu puteau parasi la neAZnorocire un suveran de la care mancasera paine. Si astfel multi aparara din loialism o cauza care nu li se parea justa.

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Joanne Rowling este nascuta pe 31 iulie 1965 in Anglia,South Gloucestershire langa Bristol.A studiat in Paris la Universitatea Exeter.Este profesoara de limbi si scriitoare internationala.Prima oara a lucrat in Londra pentru compania Amnesty International si a predat limba franceza.Este creatoarea personajului Harrry James Potter.

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