Londra referat

Covent Garden - Opera din Londra

Covent Garden - Opera din Londra - The area is bounded by High Holborn, Kingsway, The Strand and Charing Cross Road. Covent Garden Piazza is located in the geographical centre of the area and was the site of a flower, fruit and vegetable market from the 1500s until 1974, when the wholesale market relocated to New Covent Garden Market in Nine Elms.

Covent Garden - Opera din Londra - A settlement has existed in the area since the Roman times of Londinium. "Convent Garden" (later corrupted to Covent Garden as we know it today) was the name given, during the reign of King John (1199 - 1256), to a 40 acre (160,000 m²) patch in the county of Middlesex, bordered west and east by what is now St. Martin's Lane and Drury Lane, and north and south by Floral Street and a line drawn from Chandos Place, along Maiden Lane and Exeter Street to the Aldwych.

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In addition, it is the foremost tourist destination in Britain, a centre of academic excellence, and one of the cultural capitals of the world—well deserving of the observation by Samuel Johnson that: “When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life”.

The term “City of London”, or “the City”, is applied only to a small area known as the Square Mile (2.59 sq km/1 sq mi) that was the original settlement (ancient Londinium) and is now part of the financial and business district of the metropolis. The City of London and 32 surrounding boroughs constitute the Greater London metropolitan area, which covers some 1,580 sq km (620 sq mi).

The 13 inner London boroughs are Camden, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Haringey, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Lambeth, Lewisham, Newham, Southwark, Tower Hamlets, Wandsworth, and the City of Westminster. The 19 outer boroughs are Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Bexley, Brent, Bromley, Croydon, Ealing, Enfield, Greenwich, Harrow, ...

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A good starting place is Trafalgar Square with Nelson’s Column right in the centre. It is a 51m column, poised on top of which is the hero of the Battle of Trafalgar, who was killed while winning in 1805. The four lions which surround the column are of more recent date, having been sculpted by Sir William Landseer in 1868.

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London - Introducing the city (atestat)

The gallery hundred and seventy years of canny acquisition has produced a collection of more than 2200 paintings, but the collection’s virtue is not so much its size, but the range, depth and sheer quality of its contents. The National Gallery’s original collections was put on public display at Angertein’s old residence at 100 Pall Mall, until this purpose-built building on Trafalgar Square was completed in 1838.
Around the east side of the National Gallery lurks the National Portrait Gallery, which was founded in 1856 to house uplifting depictions of the good and the great. Through it has some fine works among its collection of 10,000 portraits, many of the studies are of less interest than their subjects, and the overall impression is of an overstuffed shrine to famous British rather than a museum offering any insight into the history of portraiture. However, it is fascinating to trace who has been deemed worthy of admiration at any moment: warmongers and imperialists in the early ...

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London (England), city, capital of the United Kingdom. It is situated in south-eastern England at the head of the River Thames estuary. Settled by the Romans as an important shipping point for crops and minerals, it gradually developed into the wealthy capital of a thriving industrial and agricultural nation. The expansion in the 19th century of the British Empire increased London’s influence still further.

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Great Fire of London

Tuesday, the fire spread over nearly the whole City, destroying St. Paul's Cathedral and leaping the River Fleet to threaten Charles II's court at Whitehall. Coordinated firefighting efforts were simultaneously getting underway. The battle to put out the fire is considered to have been won by two key factors: the strong east wind dropped, and the Tower of London garrison used gunpowder to create effective firebreaks, halting further spread eastward.

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On the next side of the square is the National Portrait Gallery, which is fascinating because it has the largest collection of portraits in the world although, understandably, only part of the collection is on show at any one time. Behind is Charing Cross station, not of great interest except that in the side road running alongside is The Players Theatre, old time music hall where the audience is expected to dress up in the right costume and positively join in with the show.

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London’s museums and art galleries contain some of the most comprehensive collections of objects of artistic, archaeological, scientific, historical, and general interest. The British Museum in Bloomsbury is one of the biggest and most famous museums in the world. Its collections range from Egyptian and Classical antiquities through Saxon treasures to more recent artefacts.

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In addition, it is the foremost tourist destination in Britain, a centre of academic excellence, and one of the cultural capitals of the world—well deserving of the observation by Samuel Johnson that: “When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life”.

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Since World War II the city’s prominence on the international stage has diminished, but it remains a flourishing financial centre and home to one of the world’s most important stock exchanges., Havering, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Kingston upon Thames, Merton, Redbridge, Richmond upon Thames, Sutton, and Waltham Forest.

Transport is essential to the operation of a city such as London. Its very development was significantly affected by the advent of the railways, and more recently the construction of roads (particularly the orbital M25 motorway) has influenced patterns of settlement and economic activity. London has one of the most extensive urban railway systems in the world; in addition to the Underground railway, there is a network of suburban railways covering London and the surrounding region.

Most of the passenger-carrying Underground lines in central London were built before 1914. Suburban extensions were added before and after World War II. The most recent ...

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Londra in viziunea lui Charles Dickens

In timp ce noile zone la moda ale orasului, ca strazile Regent si Oxford, se dezvoltau in stil occidental, noul centru comercial mondial era sustinut de docurile construite in est. Poate ca cel mai mare impact asupra dezvoltarii Londrei l-a avut construirea caii ferate, care a accelerat expansiunea orasului. Pretul acestei cresteri si a dominatiei comertului mondial era insa saracia neagra si mizeria de nedescris.

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Frumusetea Londrei

Suvenirurile pot fi: pantofi, imbracaminte ultima moda, seturi de picnic sau branza Stilton, iar pentru gurmanzi friptura de miel cu sos de menta, budinca cu prune, placinta cu carne pot fi o alegere potrivita. Festivaluri: Parada de Anul Nou din Piata Parlamentului pana in Piata Berkeley, Trooping the colour (parazi de ziua reginei), si Carnavalul Notting Hill .Muzeul Tussaud al figurilor de ceara din strada Marylebone este o atractie speciala.

Londra politica este foarte prezenta si domina o parte importanta a centrului orasului. In cartierul Whitehall se intalnesc principalele ministere si departamente ale guvernului, Banqueting Hall, precum si cladirea Parlamentului, citadela a democratiei si sediu al parlamentului englez din 1547. In partea de nord a acesteia se afla orologiul Big Ben, ale carui clopote suna pe 13 tonuri o arhicunoscuta melodie, amprenta sonora a postului de radio BBC

Londra regala a devenit mai accesibila turiştilor de cand regina a hotarat ...

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Londra - infrastructura si potentialul turistic

- pe cale ferata Stansted Express si Underground sunt servicii de transport rapide si eficiente;
- “by coach” sau cu autocarul Terravision si National Express;
- autobuze – EasyBus.

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Londra - prezentare generala

Londra este capitala Regatului Unit. Este situată in partea de S-E a Angliei, de-a lungul Tamisei. Cu o populaţie de aproape 7 milioane de locuitori, aceasta vasta metropola este cel mai mare oraş al Europei, aceasta distincţie menţinându-se încă din secolul al XVII-lea.

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Orasul Londra, capitala Marii Britanii, aflata in Anglia la capatul estuarului Tamisa la gura de iesire catre Marea Nordului. Londra este unul dintre cele mai importante centre financiare si culturale ale lumii si este recunoscut pentru muzeele sale, pentru creatiile de arta, pentru convertibilitatile monetare si pietele de marfuri si pentru asigurari si servicii bancare la fel de mult ca si o gazda a serviciilor specializate.

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Cobra Regala - Ophiophagus Hannah

Referat despre Cobra Regala - Ophiophagus Hannah
Cobra Regală este cel mai lung şarpe veninos din lume, cu o lungime de până la 6 m, cu o greutate de aproximativ 6 kg. Ea aparţine de familia reptilelor numită Elapide. Ophiophagus Hannah, denumirea sa pe latină înseamnă "şarpele-mâncător de oameni". Cea mai mare Cobră Regală din lume se află la Grădina Zoologică din Londra, care are o lungime de 5,7 m. În medie, durata de viaţă a unei Cobre Regale este de aproximativ 20 de ani. Cobra Regală este o specie pe cale de dispariţie, datorită distrugerii pădurilor. Uniunea Internaţională pentru Conservarea Naturii (IUCN) apară această specie.

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Primul razvoi civil - Anglia

Se poate spune ca Nordul catolic si VesAZtul erau mai curand alaturi de rege, Sudul si Estul alaturi de parlament, dar frontierele acestea nu au fost niciodata bine delimitate. Nici un moment tabeAZrele in lupta n au depasit a patruzecea parte din populatia tarii, si in bataliile cele mai importante din timpul razboiului civil au fost cel mult doua zeci de mii de combatanti de fiecare parte.

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Jocurile Olimpice din anul 1948

"Jocurile Olimpice din anul 1948"
Raportul suna cam asa: Jocurile Olimpice din 1944 au fost alocate Londrei si acest lucru face ca in Octombrie 1945, presedintele Consiliului Olimpic Britanic, Lord Burghley, s-a dus la Stockholm unde s-a intalnit cu presedintele Comitetului Olimpic International pentru a discuta faptul ca Londra ar trebui sa fie aleasa ca si gazda al acestui mare eveniment. Ca si rezultat , Consiliul Olimpic Britanic a pus comitetul de investigatii sa lucreze la anumite detalii si sa analizeze posibilitatea ca Jocurile Olimpice sa se tina.

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Revolutia industriala in Marea Britanie

O importanta deosebita a avut-o construirea canalelor, care a început
cu canalul Bridgewater (1763), construit de James Brindley pentru a
lega minele Ducelui de Bridgewater de Manchester. Canalul a avut un
impact imediat asupra pretului carbunelui în Manchester (a scazut la
jumatate) si a aratat avantajele folosirii canalelor pentru
transportul marfurilor grele, declan-sând o adevarata "manie a

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