Referat despre Halloween
Sarbatoarea de Halloween dateaza de foarte mult timp, dar romanii au inceput sa serbeze aceasta zi de Halloween dupa revolutia din 1989. Sarbatoare de Halloween se tine in fiecare an pe data de 31 octombrie. Aceasta sarbatoare de Halloween este malefica, o sarbatoare a demonilor, unde oamenii se deghizeaza in diferite personaje sau diferite spirite.
In ziua de Halloween intalnim oameni deghizati in demoni, vrajitori, oameni cu diferite masti pe fata dar cel mai semnificativ simbol al sarbatorii de Halloween este dovleacul cioplit care reprezinta Lanterna lui Jack si celebra replica „Trick or Treat?” ( care inseamna „Pacaleala sau dulciuri?”).
Astfel s-a alterat festivalul insasi, devenind o sarbatoare crestina, iar numele vechi de Eastre s-a schimbat in varianta moderna de Easter (Pastele in limba engleza).Procesiunea de la miezul noptii
Halloween is an annual celebration, but just what is it actually a celebration of? And how did this peculiar custom originate? Is it, as some claim, a kind of demon worship? Or is it just a harmless vestige of some ancient pagan ritual? The word itself, "Halloween," actually has its origins in the Catholic Church. It comes from a contracted corruption of All Hallows Eve. November 1, "All Hollows Day" (or "All Saints Day"), is a Catholic day of observance in honor of saints. But, in the 5th century BC, in Celtic Ireland, summer officially ended on October 31. The holiday was called Samhain (sow-en), the Celtic New year.
The most “notorious” ornaments is the candle-pumpkin. It’s practically a pumpkin emptied on the inside, and two eyes and a mouth are cut on its shell, and a candle is placed inside so it can brighten the whole holiday. Another way of decoration is the ghost and crown on the door. It’s a ghost, standing in the middle of a crown made out of synthetic grass and small Halloween Pumpkins.
Another Halloween habit is trick-or-treating. It’s a game for the kids, which goes like this. Kids put on masks of ghosts, witches, zombies, or scary monsters, and go from door to door yelling out “Trick or Treat”. It means that either you give them a treat or they play a trick on you.
The tradition of dressing in costume for Halloween has both European and Celtic roots. Hundreds of years ago, winter was an uncertain and frightening time. Food supplies often ran low and, for the many people afraid of the dark, the short days of winter were full of constant worry. On Halloween, when it was believed that ghosts came back to the earthly world, people thought that they would encounter ghosts if they left their homes. To avoid being recognized by these ghosts, people would wear masks when they left their homes after dark so that the ghosts would mistake them for fellow spirits. On Halloween, to keep ghosts away from their houses, people would place bowls of food outside their homes to appease the ghosts and prevent them from attempting to enter.
Les couleurs d’Halloween
Le noir de la nuit et de la mort et l’orange de lueurs et de la citrouille.
CONSEIL:Il est bon de respecter toutefois quelques règles de sécurité pendant cette fête. Pour les enfants, il est préférable de les faire accompagner par un adulte pour la partie porte à porte. D'autre part, il est conseillé de ne pas laisser les enfants manger les bonbons te de chocolates
But one day not too good as they say, but Resit to catch him (Dracula in the tree). (Dracula) had commanded him to get down, but the boy told him that he did not get off until I promise that I will leave him alone for the rest of life, from now on there.
These early events began as both a celebration of the harvest and an honoring of dead ancestors.Halloween spread throughout Europe in the seventh century. It began with "All Hallows Eve", the "Night of the Dead". It is immediately followed by "All Souls Day", a christian holy day.
The consumer seems to be the one who is behind the big decisions taken by the manufacturers of any kind of goods. According to Jeffrey Ball in "Six Products, Six Carbon Footprints," Jennifer Orgolini, New Belgium Beer's sustainability director, claims that "people don't want to have to open the door" of the refrigerator in order to buy a beer. Before big companies like New Belgium Brewing think of environmental issues like the carbon footprints their products leave behind, they think of satisfying their customers.
With some of them I have come to be more than just classmates, as we now share a sum of nice memories and many common experiences. But high school social life is fortunately more than just your own class. You get to meet a whole lot of people from all over the institution; all you need is an open mind, a happy face and willingness to socialize.
In spite of such reported atrocities, Vlad Tepes is a significant figure in Romanian history. For one thing, he was one of a number of voivodes who contributed to the building of a strong, independent Wallachian state. He stood up against the powerful nobles and assured law and order in what were lawless times. But most of all he is remembered for standing up against the Ottoman Empire, at a time when other principalities around him were falling under Turkish control. He is perceived as something of a David facing a Goliath. As for the brutality of his punishments, his defenders point out that his actions were no more cruel than those of several other late-medieval or early-Renaissance European rulers such as Louis XI of France, Ferdinand of Naples, Cesare Borgia of Italy, and Ivan the Terrible of Russia.
Dragons are the one of the most amazing magical creatures in the world. Dragons are terrifying and awe-inspiring as they take wing and breathe fire. Muggles remember them only as beasts from mythology, which is a credit to the ongoing efforts of the Ministries of Magic in many countries who work tirelessly to keep these huge beasts hidden. Wizards who work with them are called Dragon Keepers (Charlie Weasley is a Dragon Keeper in Romania).
L'église avait entrepris dès la fin de l'empire romain un vaste chantier de remplacement des rites païens par des fêtes religieuses. Comme on l'a vu au sujet de Noël. Ainsi le pape Gélase Ier au Vè siècle (que nous retrouverons au sujet de Saint Valentin) remplaça le vieux rite païen des lupercales, rite de la lumière hérité des romains par une fête religieuse, la fête de la Chandeleur, où l'on commémore 40 jours après Noël un rite…hébraïque. En orient, c'était jour chômé. En occident, on portait des torches en procession, signe de lumière. Cette fête devînt du même coup en 1372 en Avignon fête de la Purification de la Vierge.
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