United states monetary system
The territory now part of the United States has been inhabited for from 15,000 to 40,000 years, as attested by local evidence. The aboriginal peoples, ancestral to today's American Indians, left no firm monuments on the scale of contemporaneous cultures elsewhere, but both the pueblos of the Southwest and the great mounds of the Mississippi River valley antedate the arrival of the European colonial powers. The original 13 British colonies that became the United States of America in 1776 were just one of several attempts by European powers to build empires in North America. All seized land from the native Indians, who then were usually either assimilated or driven off by superior European weapons.
Michel Guillaume Jean de Crčvecoeur, who wrote under the pseudonym J. Hector St. John, wrote these words more than 200 years ago. In 1759, at the age of 24, Crčvecoeur emigrated from France to the American colonies. Learning English quickly and making a success of himself as a farmer in upstate New York, he married an English woman and became a celebrated observer of the American scene. Amazed at the mingling of people from many parts of the world, Crčvecoeur pointed to a family headed by an Englishman who had married a Dutch woman, whose son married a French woman, and whose four sons had each married a woman of a different nationality. “From this promiscuous breed that race now called Americans have arisen,” he proclaimed.
The central town site was laid out by French architect Pierre Charles L’Enfant in 1791. The remaining land was an open area stretching north to the border with Maryland. It was designated as Washington County. In 1846 Congress returned that portion of the federal district that had originally been ceded by Virginia.
STORM FLAG -The U.S. flag, which is flown at military installations during inclement weather. It is smaller than the U.S. flag that is usually flown at the installation.
When the British successfully evicted the French from North America in 1763, they embarked on a number of policies that the colonials found increasingly onerous. Settlement was prohibited west of the Appalachians and measures were passed to raise revenue in the colonies. These revenue-raising measures and Britain's generally exploitive mercantilist economic policy irked the colonials, who began to band together to oppose and subvert the measures. Britain increased its military presenceto enforce compliance (a presence part of whose cost was exacted from the colonials), and fighting broke out in 1775. The Second Continental Congress, acting for the 13 colonies, declared independence on July 4, 1776, and created. Articles of Confederation to govern the new nation. Victory over the British came in 1783, and the resulting Treaty of Paris established U.S. boundaries, except for Spanish Florida, west to the Mississippi River.
Thus we have many enactments which either have been or still are,of great importance..One need only cite as examples Magna Carta (1215),the Bill of Rights (1688) -which sets out the principal rights gained by Parliament and the nation as the result of the seventeenth century constitutional struggles-the Act of Settlement (1700),and the Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949. A number of issues in this relate to our earlier definition of constitution –the extent and control of government power and the protection of the rights of the citizens.
Internally, the monetary system of the United States contains many elements of managed currency; although gold coinage is no longer permitted, gold may be owned, traded, or used for industrial purposes. It is a recurrent problem whether the value of inconvertible-credit currency can be maintained at a fairly stable level for extended periods of time.
INTRODUCTION United Nations (UN), international organization of countries created to promote world peace and cooperation. The UN was founded after World War II ended in 1945. Its mission is to maintain world peace, develop good relations between countries, promote cooperation in solving the world’s problems, and encourage respect for human rights.
The Cold War was the opposite of a Hot War. It was a conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union, which lasted from the 1940s through the 1990s, but it was always fought by proxy (Cuba, North and South Vietnam, East and West Germany, Afghanistan, etc.). The United States and the Soviet Union never directly fought each other, in large part because of the fear of nuclear weapons, which both countries possessed in large numbers. The Cold war can be considered more a “diplomatic war” then a real one. In part, the Cold War was based on Realpolitik, the control of land and resources in Western and Eastern Europe, but it was also a battle of ideologies. It was a war between democracy and communism, between capitalism and state-planned economies.
For a number of years Britain, Russia and the United States had discussions among themselves in an attempt to agree on the principles according to which a defeated Germany was to be treated. It had been relatively easy to establish ...
The European Union is based on the rule of law and democracy. It is neither a new State replacing existing ones nor is it comparable to other international organisations. Its Member States delegate sovereignty to common institutions representing the interests of the Union as a whole on questions of joint interest. All decisions and procedures are derived from the basic treaties ratified by the Member States.
Poziţia geografică. La începutul erei după Christos, ori poate şi mai înainte, în America au început să se contureze civilizaţii create de popoarele sedentare. Aceste civilizaţii autohtone erau: aztecă, incaşă şi mayaşă, care au ajuns să fie recunoscute ca civilizaţii istorice. În timpul debarcării spaniolilor în America Centrală şi de sud ele au atins o treaptă înaltă de
dezvoltare. În urma colonizării aceste civilizaţii au dispărut.
Aztecii s-au constituit în partea meridională a Americii de nord; incaşii în America de sud, de-a lungul coastei Oceanului Pacific; mayaşii în America Centrală.
Cadrul natural. Civilizaţia aztecă ocupa aproximativ teritoriul statului Mexic contemporan şi în specia Podişul Mexican, a cărui înălţimea depăşeşte 2.000 m. Pe acest podiş creştea o vegetaţie specifică, numeroase specii de cactuşi şi agave gigantice, din care se prepara o băutură naţională, numită pulque. Aztecii se numeau ei înşişi ...
1.De ani de zile, statele de cinema isi lasa amprentele palmelor in betonul umed din fata cinematografului Mann,s Chinese Theater (Bulevardul Hollywood nr.6925) din Los Angeles, pentru a intra astfel in posteritate.
Tara poseda de asemenea niste teritorii in Pacific, respectiv in Caraibe.La o suprafata totala de peste 9,83 milioane km2 , dintre care circa 85 % reprezinta teritoriul Statelor Unite continentale,suprafata Statelor Unite este de aproximativ de 40 de ori mai mare decat suprafata Romaniei, fiind a treia din lume. Partea sa continentala masoara peste 5.000 de kilometri de la Oceanul Atlantic pana la Oceanul Pacific si peste 2.000 de kilometri de la granita canadiana pana la cea mexicana.
The transmission mechanism of monetary policy
However, monetary policy changes do have an effect on real activity in the short to medium term. And though monetary policy is the dominant determinant of the price level in the long run, there are many other potential influences on price-level movements at shorter horizons. There are several links in the chain of causation running from monetary policy changes to their ultimate effects on the economy.
De-a lungul tarii
Partea centrala a partii nordice a SUA este Vestul Mijlociu.Este o regiune agricola bogata,avand rauri uriase,inclusive cl mai lung fluviu din SUA,Missouri(4090 km),care face parte din bazinul hidrografic Mississippi-Missouri.Aici se afla uriasele pasuni sau prerii.Mai la Vest se intend M-tii Stancosi,Parcul National Yellowstone cu gheizerele lui,statiuni montane de schi si orase active precum Denverul.In S se situeaza deserturile fierbinti din Arizona si centrele comerciale precum Houston si Dallas din statul Texas.Cel mai populat si mai bogat stat din SUA e California .Orasul Los Angeles din California este al doilea oras ca marime din SUA ,patria industriei filmului de la Hollywood.
C´est aujourd´hui 80 % d´une classe d´âge qui est titulaire du baccalauréat alors qu´en 1900, le nombre des lauréats atteignait à peine plus de 1 % de la classe d´âge correspondante. Le taux de réussite pour l´ensemble des baccalauréats est de 3/4. Même si les bacheliers généraux sont toujours largement majori-taires, le nombre de bacheliers technologiques et professionnels augmente de façon permanente.
Cîmpiile din bazinul fluviului Mississippi unesc de la Vest la Est Munţii Stîncoşi de Apalaşi şi de la Nord la Sud graniţa cu Canada şi Golful Mexic. Terenul este în mare parte jos şi întins, dar se găsesc şi cîteva lanţuri muntoase, cum sint Ozarks, în Missouri, sau Black Hils în Dakota .Fluviul Mississippi are o lungime de 5970 km,fiind al treilea ca lungime din lume.
Medie note: 8.35 / 10
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