The case for more regulation of banks liquidity
It is obvious that a free, democratic market implies less intervention and control of the state on the economy, but there are situations in which those interventions become the only way to stop an excessive abuse of power against the legal limits. This is the case of the monopoly markets that tend to eliminate the main principle of democracy-competition-by imposing their own prices and decisions without taking into account the circumstances.rnrn That's why the state need to intervene with a series of limits and penalizations that should decrease the power of the monopolists. Because, after all, the last to pay in a monopoly case is the consumer, who is confronting with a higher price and a limited amount of goods or services. We can't talk anymore about the "era of the consumer" because the monopolist ignores the client's preferences and concentrates on its own profit. And the state's role is to protect the consumer against this kind of situation. rnrnAn example of dominant firms in Romania, which were penalized by the Competition Council is represented by UPC Romania and Cablevision of Romania SRL in 2006. But the sanctions for those monopolists are quite modest comparing to the huge profit they obtain in different regions of the country. The article continues with the particular case of the financial institutions which remain the most important characters on the economical scene, as providers of credits and processors of payments. rnrnCommercial banks are what people normally call a bank, and the term refers to bank which focus mainly on companies. Those commercial banks raise founds by collecting deposits from businesses and consumers. It also buys corporate bonds and government bonds, and its primary liabilities are deposits and primary assets are loan and bonds.rnrnThe government failure to contain budget appropriations in accordance with the requirement of macroeconomic stability is the starting point of the vicious circle of the Romanian fiscal policy. To keep the budget under control, Romanian government resorted to ad-hoc taxes during the process of implementing the budget.rnrnThe capital market implies the existence of securities and the price of those securities is obviously influenced by the interest rate, and the operations realized by the commercials bank's activity determine a specific interest rate. Thanks to the fact that what a bank owes in deposit can be called in easily, but what it is owed in loans cannot easily be converted in cash determine the mismatch between liquid debt and illiquid assets, meaning that banks are susceptible to sudden looses of funding.rnrnAn important aspect is the connection between market rates and deposit rates. Banks can relay on the money market instead of deposit for funding loans which can also lead to an equilibrium of deposits and money market rate.
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