European Council

Trimis la data: 2010-10-30
Materia: Drept
Nivel: Facultate
Pagini: 4
Nota: 10.00 / 10
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Autor: Alexandru_B
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- Has attributions in political field (in contrast with CEU)
- In the beginning, it was supposed to have 3 meetings; after the Single European Act, it was decided that the chiefs of states and governments will meet twice per year; also through the SEA, it was for the first time mentioned the relation between the European Council and the Council of European Union; SEA provided that European Council will establish the strategies and common actions of member states

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- This treaty establishes that:
- -> EC, as an institution of the union, gives it the necessary impulse to its development and defines the orientations and priorities of general policies
- -> EC is composed of: chiefs of states and governments from member states; president of the Council of the European Union and president of the European Commission; the high representatives of the union for foreign affairs and policy of security attend the meetings of the EC;

- -> EC has a president, who is elected with qualified majority for 2 Aoe years term; the term of office can be renewed only one time; the president can cease its term of office either by its own decision or if he is found to commit an important fault
- -> the president cannot exercise at the same time any national term or cannot be employed
- -> attributions of the president of EC
- 1. The president presides and animates the meetings of the EC
- 2. Ensures the preparation and continuation of the council meetings based on the acts provided by the general council
- 3. He facilitates the cohesion and consensus of the members of the council

- 4. The president presents to the parliament a report after each meeting of the council
- 5. He ensures at his level and in his quality the representation of the union for issues related to foreign policy and common security unless they are exert by the high representatives of the union

- Each member of the council can be assisted by a ministry but only the chief of state or government can vote and the president of the EC and of the Commission cannot vote
- When they take the decision, the quorum of cote can be either the simple majority (if the issue represents a procedural decision such as the internal regulation of the council) or they can vote by consensus (the abstention of the present or represented members cannot block the adoption of the decision)
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