European Parliament

Trimis la data: 2010-11-05
Materia: Stiinte Politice
Nivel: Facultate
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• Under the founding Treaties the Parliament was known originally as the assembly. It was not elected but its members were appointed from the members of the national parliaments of the member states. It had not direct legislative power but played a consultative and supervisory role.
• Concerning the denomination of this community institution, we should mention that in 1962, the members of the assembly had decided to use the denomination of "European Parliament". This new denomination was provided expressly by the Single European Act and since 1987, the Assembly had been officially known as the European Parliament.

Cursuri similare:

• 1958 - Rome - The EEC and Euratom treaties - Assembly
• 19 March 1958 - Strasbourg - with 142 members, the assembly met for the first time - the European Parliamentary Assembly
• 30 March 1962 - changing the name to European Parliament
• 9-10 December 1974 - the Summit Conference in Paris decided that direct elections should take place in or after 1978 and asked Parliament to submit new proposals to replace its draft Convention of 1960

• January 1975- Parliament adopted a new draft, on the basis of which the Heads of State or Government after settling a number of differences reached agreement at their meeting of 12-13 July 1976
• 20 September 1976 - the Decision and Act on European elections by direct universal suffrage were signed in Brussels on. After ratification by all the Member States, the text came into force on 1 July 1978 25 June and 23 September 2002 the Decision and Act on European elections by direct suffrage were amended by the Council Decision.
Subsequent enlargements

When Denmark, Ireland and UK joined the European Communities on 1 January 1973 (the first enlargement), the number of MEPs was increased to 198
The first elections took place on 7 and 10 June 1979
For the second enlargement, with the accession of Greece on 1 January 1981. 24 Greek members were delegated to the EP by the Greek Parliament, to be replaced on October 1981 by directly elected members
The second direct elections were held on 14 and 17 June 1984.

On 1 January 1986, with the third enlargement, the number of seats rose from 434 to 518 with the arrival of 60 Spanish and 24 Portuguese members, appointed by the national parliaments and subsequently replaced by directly elected members.
The third direct elections were held on 15 and 18 June 1989. Following German unification, the composition of the EP was adapted to demographic change.The number of MEPs elected in June 1994 increased from 518 to 567.When Bulgaria and Romania acceded to the European Union - the number of seats in the EP temporarily rose to 786 in order to accommodate MEPs from these countries.
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