Aspects of time and place deixis in language

Trimisa la data: 2009-06-22 Materia: Limba Engleza Pagini: 133 Comentarii: 0 (comenteaza) Autor: Viorel_A
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Lucrare de licenta despre Aspects of time and place deixis in language
This paper is the product of a careful documentation in the field of deixis and of my intention to conduct an investigation of the properties of deixis in English and Romanian. To be more explicit, the issue I am going to outline in this work is firstly to see to what extent certain contextual parameters and pragamtic factors determine deixis in natural languages.

Secondly, my work is intended as a contrastive analysis of time and place deixis in English and Romanian, trying to point out some of the similarities and differences between the uses of time and place indexical expressions in these two different languages.

The question which arises now is why deixis? Firstly, because this is an area at the borderline between grammar and pragmatics, which is rather insufficiently explored speaking solely from a descriptive-functional prespective. It is well-known that lots of philosophers and logicians have dealt with it quite extensively.
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Lucrare de licenta despre Aspects of time and place deixis in language

Lucrare de licenta despre Aspects of time and place deixis in language
Cuprins

Introduction.............................1
Theoretical preliminaries................5
General presentation.....................5
Deictic categories.......................6
Deictic terms and teir usages............8

Chapter 1: Context - the role it plays in making meaning..............11
Interpreting utterances - a comlex process............................11
1.1. Assigning sense in context..........11
Assigning reference in context...........12
Making presupposition....................13
Deriving implicatures relying on context................14
Drawing inferences.......................15
Context - a static or a dynamic concept?................16
2.1. Context as static...................16
Context as dynamic.......................17
Normal and abnormal context..............22
Context of situation versus co-text......................22
The principle of "local interpretation"..................24
The principle of "analogy"...............25

Chapter 2 Time diexis...................26
"Pure" time deixis.......................26
Time deixis interacting with cultural measurements of time............30
Time deixis interacting with calendrical reckoning of time............32
"Now" and "then" - deictic elements or markers?.......................36
"Now" as a marker...................37
"Then" as a marker..................41
Tense - a deictic category..........45
The notions of time and tense............................45
The English tenses..................49
Present tense simple................49
Past tense simple...................53
Present perfect simple..............56
Past perfect simple.................59
Future time.........................60
Similarities and differences between the English and Romanian tense systems......................63
Chapter 3: Place deixis.............76
"Pure" place deixis.................76
Place deixis interacting with non-deictic terms for spatial organization........................77
Deictic motion verbs................79
Conclusions.....................82




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