Conditional sentences

Trimis la data: 2014-10-15
Materia: Engleza
Nivel: Facultate
Pagini: 4
Nota: 9.96 / 10
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Autor: lauram
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It is important for you to know how to use the conditional sentences when writing. You should know how to use conditional sentences because you can make the difference between fulfilled actions and unfulfilled actions. You can also make the difference between real actions and unreal actions. When you use the Subjunctive Mood you refer to unreal actions which contradict reality. If you use the Indicative Mood, you refer to real actions which confirm reality.
You will ask yourself what is a conditional sentence and what it consists of. Your question is well-grounded. A conditional sentence is made up of a conditional clause ("if" clause) and a main clause. Pay attention to the following example: "I will buy the book if I have money"; the main clause is "I will buy the book" and the conditional clause is "if I have money".

You can notice that the conditional clause is introduced by "if" and that is why it is called "if" clause. It is easy for you to deduce that the main clause denotes an action whose fulfillment is conditioned by the fulfillment of the action expressed by the verb of the conditional clause; in other words, the action "to buy" will be fulfilled only after the action "to have" is fulfilled. You may also see that the order of clauses can be changed; you may say "If I have money, I will buy the book"; in this case, the conditional clause comes first and this clause is more emphatic (stronger) even if the meaning stays the same.

You may also ask me how many types of conditional sentences you can use. It is difficult to give you an answer because conditional sentences are numerous. However, there are 3 types of conditions that you should know. The first type is:"Real/Probable condition"As you may guess, sentences of real condition do not contradict reality, and refer to either the present or the future. In both clauses the verbs are in the indicative mood, or sometimes the main clause may contain the imperative mood.

Take a look at this example: "I usually work in the garden if the weather is fine"; in this sentence, the verbs "work" and "is" are in the present tense simple; they refer to the present and they belong to the indicative mood; the verb "is" from the conditional clause shows that it is possible that the state be fulfilled and that is why you can call the conditional clause "probable/real".
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