Acestea decurg direct din articolul 13 al Tratatului de la Amsterdam, care a intrat in vigoare in mai 1999. Toate statele membre EU au fost obligate sa armonizeze directivele cu legislatia nationala pana la sfarsitul anului 2003. Totusi, acest proces nu a fost aplicat uniform in tarile UE. Pentru statele care nu respecta termenele limita de punere in deplina conformitate si nu solicita o perioada de prelungire, Comunitatea Europeana aplica masurile legale cunoscute sub numele de "proceduri privind incalcarea dreptului comunitar" pentru a asigura respectarea cerintelor.Inca de la inceputurile lor, tratatele europene au continut prevederi care interzic discriminarea pe motiv de nationalitate si care garanteaza libera circulatie a muncitorilor in spatiul Uniunii Europene.
Council Directive 2000/43/EC of 29 June 2000 impleme 14214v2123o nting the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin
Official Journal L 180 , 19/07/2000 P. 0022 - 0026
Council Directive 2000/43/EC
of 29 June 2000
implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin
THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community and in particular Article 13 thereof,
Having regard to the proposal from the Commission(1),
Having regard to the opinion of the European Parliament(2),
Having regard to the opinion of the Economic and Social Committee(3),
Having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions(4),
Whereas:(1) The Treaty on European Union marks a new stage in the process of creating an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe.
(2) In accordance with Article 6 of the Treaty on European Union, the European Union is founded on the principles of liberty, democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and the rule of law, principles which are common to the Member States, and should respect fundamental rights as guaranteed by the European Convention for the protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and as they result from the constitutional traditions common to the Member States, as general principles of Community Law.
(3) The right to equality before the law and protection against discrimination for all persons constitutes a universal right recognised by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women, the International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination and the United Nations Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and by the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, to which all Member States are signatories.
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