Main schools of geopolitical thought in the modern world economy
Trimis la data: 2015-02-03
Materia: Stiinte Politice
Nota: 10.00 / 10
Tipul fisierelor: doc
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Throughout history, authors from all over the world have identified and described the relationships between power, territory, conflict and location. Concepts relevant to geopolitical thought can be found in the writings of Aristotle, Confucius, Machiavelli and many other ancient and medieval authors. But the formal study of geopolitics began in the late 19th century with the end of the Age of Exploration. By that time, the European powers had explored and begun to establish colonies in all the inhabited parts of the world.
At the same time that modern nation-states began to emerge, their economies became increasingly interdependent. Since that time, the modern world economy has expanded to encompass the entire world civilization. The modern world system stands in contrast to two previously recognized modes of international economic organization. These include mini-systems and world empires. A mini-system is a small, isolated society that lacks permanent trade relationships with other societies.
Typically, tribal groups in various pre-industrial societies such as the aborigines of Australia, pre-Columbian American Indians and similar societies elsewhere in the world are considered mini-systems although contemporary archeological evidence indicates that trade relationships among the "primitive" societies were far more complex and sophisticated than would be typical of a mini-system in theory.
For example, archeologists have discovered artifacts manufactured by the Mayans of Central America in sites in the present-day eastern and central United States; in other words, clear evidence that a sophisticated system of trade relationships existed among indigenous Native American cultures long before of arrival of European settlers.
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