My home city Chisinau

Trimis la data: 2012-08-23 Materia: Engleza Nivel: Facultate Pagini: 2 Nota: / 10 Downloads: 0
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Chisinau was originally built in 1436 as a Monastery town in the Moldovian Principality. In the 16th century it became a part of the Ottoman Empire. After being occupied by Russia in 1812, its population rose from 7000 to well over 100,000 within the period of time of seven decades. From the mid 1830s the city grew rapidly. Whilst the old part of the city remained unaltered Russian architects added a newer city centre with a railway station.

The new part of the city was more spacious with its new cathedral and bell tower it had a distinct Regal air. Towards the end of the century because of an increasing anti semitic culture in Poland and Russia many Jews migrated to Chisinau - in 1900 they made up 43% of the city's population. The influx sparked an antisemic riot in April 1903 with 47 Jews killed and 92 seriously injured. During the riot another 500 were slightly injured and as a result, many Jewish homes were destroyed.

At the end of the First World War and following the Russian Revolution, Moldova briefly declared itself as an independent country before becoming an autonomous state within the Kingdom of Romania. Chisinau was no longer a capital city. Over the next 20 years the city was extensively renovated. Shortly after the Second World War broke out, Chisinau was occupied by the Soviet Red Army. Five months later on the 10th of November 1940 it was severely devastated by an earthquake. Eight months later the German bombarded Chisinau before, finally capturing it on the 17th of July 1941.

The city was destroyed and 10,000 of its Jews were taken to the outskirts of the city and shot dead. In August 1944 the Red Army attacked the Germans occupying the city. The battle lasted over five months before the Germans retreated. As a result of six years of war and the earthquake over 70% of Chisinau buildings were destroyed. After the war, Chisinau became the capital of the Soviet ruled Moldavian Socialist Soviet Republic. After the war, the city was extensively rebuilt incorporating architecture favoured by Stalin which his successor Khrushchev further endorsed and described as "good, cheaper and built faster".

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