National Park of Retezat

Trimis la data: 2013-01-03
Materia: Turism
Nivel: Facultate
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Do you know that...Retazat is the oldest Romanian national park, it was established in 1935? Retezat has the highest number of mountain peaks over 2,000m in Romania (over 20)? the mountain range gurgles with streams and has more than 80 glacial lakes? the largest glacial lake in Romania is Bucura in Retezat (8.8 ha)?
The highest peak in the Retezat Mountain is Peleaga (2,509 m. high)?
the deepest glacial lake in Romania is Zanoaga in Retezat (29-metre deep)? Traditional grazing activities are still practiced by local people?

Geology
Retezat National Park is composed of the Retezat- Godeanu mountain ranges. The Retezat range extends north from the center, and rises from between the Petrosani and Hateg tectonic hollows. The main characteristic of the Retezat Mountains is given by the presence of two big eruptive blocks that stretch out in the direction of Lapusnicul Mare and Barbat rivers: the Retezat type granodioritic massif to the North, stretching out over a length of more than 40 km and width of around 20 km and the Buta granodioritic massif, located in the south of the Lapusnic- Barbat valley corridor, which drops under the Jurassic deposits of the Retezatul Mic.

A strip of crystalline schists with quartz schists, mica-schists and clorito -amphbolic schists stretches between the two blocks. Another strip of crystalline schists, adherent to the Danube domain, stretches out to the Northwest of the northern granite block. The crystalline mass fuses with the eruptive intrusions. The sediments are represented by some Paleozoic and Mesozoic geological patches (especially Superior Jurassic and Inferior Cretaceous limestones), they are located on the eastern periphery of the Retezat (the Tulisa crest) and in the South- Southwest (Retezatul Mic). The crystalline of the getic layer can only be found on the northern face of the mountains, stretching further under the sediments of the Hateg and Petrosani hollows.

The Retezat National Park has a great diversity of forms, which makes the landscape peculiarly spectacular. The relief is mainly shaped in accordance with the geologic structure and the characteristics of the lithologic substratum. A. The main relief lines reflect the conformity with the structure, not only from the point of view of the direction, but also of the morphology. The two granodioritic blocks generally correspond to the two main crests: In the North - The Peleaga Crest - consisting of Zlata (2142 m), sesele Mari (2324m), Judele (2389m), Bucura (2432m), Peleaga (2509m), Papusa (2508m) andBaleia (1498m);

In the South - The Buta Crest, over the corridor of the Lapusnicu Mare and Barbat rivers valleys, consisting of: Piatra Iorgovanului (2015m), Buta (1977m), Dragsanu (2076m) and Varfu Custurii (2453m). A real bridge, named Custura Papusii, connects the two main crests; the three crests make up an "H letter". A series of secondary heights laterally originate from these two crests: Northwards, towards the Hateg border, the Retezat, Pietrele, Prislop etc. crests.Southwards, towards the Lapusnicul Mare Valley, the Slaveiul crest complex
Southwestwards, the Piule (Retezatul Mic) orographic complex, having a transitional aspect between the Retezat and Godeanu mountains.
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